Holekamp on behalf of Ms. Goodwin emphasized the two stages of the “Anns test”, referring of course to Anns v. Merton London Borough Council [1978] A.C. 728 (H.L.). Sutherland Shire Council v Heyman (1985) 60 ALR 1 . Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562, 580. an nhs trust v y [2018] uksc 46 ; anns v merton london borough council [1978] ac 728 ; antonovic v lithuania [2010] ewhc 2967 ; anufrijeva v southwark london borough council [2004] qb 1124 ; anyanwu and another v south bank student [2001] ukhl 14 ; appleby v myers[1867] lr 2 cp 651 ; araci v … 492, H.L. landmark decision of the House of Lords in Anns v Merton London Borough Council.' J Randell, ‘Duty of care – the haunting past, uncertain future’ (2014) 2 N.E.L.R 75; Junior Brooks Ltd v Veitchi Co Ltd [1983] 1 AC 520. Anns v Merton London Borough Council [1978] Anthony v The Coal Authority [2005] Anton’s Trawling Co v Smith [2003, New Zealand] Antoniades v Villiers [1990] Apple Corps v Apple Computers [2004] Appleby v Myers [1867] Arcos Ltd v Ronaasen [1933] Armstrong v Stokes (1872) (8) Kruger v. Coetzee 1966 (2) S.A. 428 (A) (9) S. v. Motau 1968 (4) S.A. 670 (A) (10) Minister van Polisie en Binnelandse Sake v. Van Aswegen 1974 (2) S.A. 101 (A) (11) Bester v. Commercial Union Versekeringsmaatskappy Bpk. Murphy v Brentwood District Council (1991): pure economic loss; Anns v Merton LBC: pure economic loss; Phipps v Rochester Corporation: Occupiers liability and young children; Roscorla v Thomas (1842): consideration must not be past. The plaintiffs decided not to sue the builders, who they had a contract with, as the firm did not have many resources and instead made a claim against the defendant. 1973 (1) S.A. 769 (A) Proximity as principles (2003) 11 Tort L Rev 70 71 © The flats had structural damage due to subsidence. K Horsey and E Rackley, Tort Law (4 th edn, Oxford University Press 2015). (7) Anns v. Merton London Borough Council [1978] A.C. 728, [1977] 2 All E.R. The first is the “proximity analysis”, which involves two questions – (1) was the harm that occurred the reasonably foreseeable consequence of the defendant ’s act? Anns v Merton London Borough Council [1978] AC 728, 251H per Lord Wilberforce. Tort law revision games and quizzes on duty of care, breach of duty, causation, remoteness of damage, occupiers liability to aid your study and revision of tort law Anns v Merton was not very significant to the development of the law of Duty of Care. (7) Anns v. Merton London Borough Council [1978] A.C. 728, [1977] 2 All E.R. The author thanks Harvey Teff and Claire McIvor for their valuable comments on earlier drafts of this article. Finally, the High Court's decision in Heyman will be considered in the light of developments in other common law jurisdictions since Anns. Anns v Merton London Borough Council [1978] AC 728 Facts: The plaintiffs were tenants in a block of flats. Lord Wilberforce had no difficulty saying that on that basis the duty of care existed was affirmed and … The High Court's decision as a statement of the liability of public authorities for negligence will then be analysed. 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