• The use of weapons of mass destruction. Our religious practice should bring positive change to society and enhance mutual relationships among us in order to live in peace with one another. Some religious figures have been able to use their positions of authority to work toward peace and to forward the cause of justice. Friday, February 1, 2008 Rather than seeking to resolve a particular conflict, it aims to defuse interfaith tensions that may cause future conflict or derive from previous conflict. With so much emphasis on religion as a source of conflict, the role of religion as a force in peacemaking is usually overlooked. English; Video Transcript. There is no evidence to indicate that particular religious traditions are, by virtue of their theology, more prone to violence or more likely to lead to conflict or peace than others. Projects During the Cold War, religious as well as ethnic and nationalist conflicts were relatively neglected in the study of international relations and peace research. '�^������kT��)V�"���00{��4�N#U�xL���k�F�[�H_�=�ر��Hp�ۧNc+FE���m6v-����oWr)~�&JK�@0�ق�Ⱦ�c~�]������0���N8�t dz�s��%�. The article then cites statistics from a public opinion survey in Nigeria demonstrating that Nigerians believe religion to be more central to their identity than nationality. when the Iranians, who made the revolution a success and subsequently assumed position of power and authority in the government administration, formulated the state policy of their liking. Given religion’s importance as both a source of international conflict and a resource for peacemaking, it is regrettable that the U.S. government is so ill equipped to handle religious issues and relate to religious actors. The Role of Religion in Today’s Conflict.1 By Ms. Karen Armstrong As we are all agreed, the conflict between the Muslim world and the West is essentially political but on a popular level religion is seen as one of its root causes. Individuals, institutions and governments pursuing peace in the coming decades will increasingly rely on the ability to skillfully dialogue with religious traditions and communities to achieve lasting solutions to conflict. Introduction – Tourism of Conflict or Tourism of Peace? Underlying reasons why religions cause division and violent conflict; and; The potential of religion and spirituality to build peace and establish the foundations of just governance could be tapped. Nigerians are thus more likely to identify themselves first and foremost as Christians or Muslims rather than as Nigerians. Religious organizations have a major impact on inter-communal and international conflicts. %�쏢 In the Islamic history, conflict between religion and politics settled after the Abbasid revolution (750.A.D.) Furthermore, religion can act as a form of social cohesion and, like membership of other groups, greater involvement in society can strengthen the bonds between citizens strengthening the bonds of peace. Pope John Paul II, for example, played a prominent role in Lebanon, Poland, and Haiti. In conflict where religion is found to be a strong causal factor the political manipulation of religion matters more than doctrine. Connect China has embarked on a grand journey west. The Bible does not clearly answer questions of war and peace but gives Christians guidelines on how to work for peace and justice. These three components of Dr. Mani’s research project are briefly described below. Interfaith dialogue is another form of religious peacemaking. - CNN, Factbox: Ethiopia's reclusive neighbour Eritrea - Reuters, Ethiopia's Tigray Crisis: Why Nobel laureate Abiy Ahmed sent his troops to battle - BBC News. This aspect of religion and conflict is discussed in the parallel essay on religion and peace. With so much emphasis on religion as a source of conflict, the role of religion as a force in peacemaking is usually overlooked. Humanities. / 8 weeks long. Self-paced. Religiously-motivated peace builders have played important roles in addressing many conflicts around the world. The second model, a response to the first, is “peace without religion”. As respected members of society, individual national religious leaders have often been at the forefront of e… USIP’s Vikram Singh looks at India’s evolving defense posture, deepening U.S.-Indian ties, and how it relates to India’s rocky relationships with China and Pakistan. In recent decades, religion has assumed unusual prominence in international affairs. It is published by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame.. A recent article in The Economist asserts that, if there ever was a global drift toward secularism, it has been halted and probably reversed. Religion, Conflict and Peace Watch here www.edx.org . Type Course Institution ... economic, and cultural life, as is often assumed. Recognising the complex nature of religion does not replace work required to address other conflict and peace-related issues such as deprivation, marginalisation, institutional and state failure etc. English; Course language. Know that religion has a strong influence on people’s belief or faith and conviction. Religion and peacebuilding In the face of armed violence and genocide, two of the greatest challenges facing our world today are the maintenance of peace and the protection of human rights. Religious affiliation and conviction often motivates religious communities to advocate particular peace-related government policies. 77,222 already enrolled! Religion, Conflict and Peace Explore the diverse and complex roles that religions play in both promoting and mitigating violence. �)T_�S����N�ލs/=�Sc�F+ͤS�JwM7 g@:��^94�-��ʌ/|M��Hk�F�������4a��;i���+����Jf��5Q�� � Z���T�����j��٠y���3B_�O��Ln~�S��U[��=�w��C�[��G��1�-����Z�׎���˶���>�E�H+}�j����h['+V�z�����05#��t�Q���Nm�?�a�ح]S۔}�������>)���N��%{6����V���9�n��ܰz=h���i �=��v$��δ�)��An#ݼ�o7;Q;�`,q�jw�翳�N�[��K7� �ݮ�2/�8;��Q�a?_�O��[�ÃZФu��s����q��vL��9;��H̬�j ]�*����3�e��إn,��z��L�">ae�z������a����{�I��S��)��*�w‘Ʃ��%���rYh�=B�n-Bgd=OԚZ>D>3�N�)�"[�� pՖg�p���)��/f������ɰ:�շ��GXzJH�.�{�c ��h���;d�6��V�#h\���&��6B���~�ӽdG��^��d�R�u���vFu�>[���>�)��Z/��lţ��l;޽����ar��^F��c�2��V�bƘ� o��)��8J�� The question of religion, conflict and peace came to worldwide attention with the decline of the Cold War and the collapse of the former Soviet Union. It is also said that this model excludes the many contributions of religious people in the development of peace. Religious affiliation and conviction often motivates religious communities to advocate particular peace-related government policies. <> Search for experts, projects, publications, courses, and more. However, the relationship etween religion and conflict is, in fact, a complex one. Despite religion's secondary role, its use in the region's conflicts has frequently been destabilizing; the infusion of religion in grievances has exacerbated existing tensions and encumbered progress toward peace. One of the dramatic changes that the peace treaty with the Emirates and Bahrain carried on its wings is “religious normalization” in the form of Muslim tourism to the Temple Mount and Jerusalem, which will come from countries that have no formal ties with Israel. Religion plays a complex role in modern conflicts, serving as both an inspiration for violence and a powerful force for peace. Motivated by religious goals of seeking peace, religious leaders and faith-based NGOs have frequently played prominent roles as mediators or other forms of intervention in conflict scenarios. This form of religious peacemaking garners less public attention but is growing in importance. Religion has a dual legacy in human history regarding peace and violence. Critics claim that it is overly simplistic and fails to address other causes of conflict as well as the peace potential of religion. It was only recently that IR began to consider the role of culture and religion in war and peace. Religion and belief in 21st century conflict • Religion and belief as a cause of war and violence in the contemporary world. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. With news of a breakthrough in Afghan peace talks, USIP’s Scott Smith warns that future troop withdrawal should “switch from a time-based deadline approach to a conditions-based approach” because if the Taliban believe withdrawal is inevitable, “they have no incentive to compromise.”, 2301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037Tel: +1.202.457.1700, About • Nuclear weapons, including nuclear deterrence. to promote a heightened awareness of the positive peace building and reconciliatory role religion has played in many conflict situations %PDF-1.4 Pace. ����r��/�ߥn�Zn?��Sc�^4�?w�ƶ,����w����s���?��I�}�x�zh�Qz{N�eۡ� Interfaith dialogue is expanding even in places where interreligious tensions are highest. ��~�խ�Ə����v+��e/�4�No�Vnt3 Time commitment. Drew University’s Center on Religion, Culture & Conflict (CRCC) focuses critical attention on the complex ways in which people from different cultural, ethnic and religion traditions interact, and how both difference and similarity can serve as a resource for building peace.Our mission • Religion and peace-making in the contemporary world including the work of individuals influenced by religious teaching. The Journal of Religion, Conflict, and Peace addresses both the problem of religion and conflict and the possibility and practices of peace, giving particular attention to peace. If the U.S. government is to insert itself into international conflicts or build deeper and more productive relationships with countries around the world, it needs to devise a better strategy to effectively and respectfully engage with the religious realm. Conflict resolution theory must examine more systematically the decision-making of religious actors and leaders in order for strategies of peacemaking to be effective in the relevant contexts. He is also the vice president of the Center for Mediation and Conflict Resolution. Since its creation in 2000, the United States Institute of Peace’s Religion and Peacemaking program has worked with local partners to promote religious peacemaking in many parts of the world, including Sudan, Nigeria, Iraq, Israel-Palestine, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Subject. x��]�r�6}�WL�if+�@��S�����M��ޒ}�%Y�M�cKI�� v8 8��M\�ϐ�v�>}�~SW�����p���g���������wӇ�.���J���/��ӷ�o����Q��Gu��F�z�QlDm�v��]՚��ۣ_��vu��N�f��>~��ہh#��>��EթZ�����lz!��?����]������kBu�o�v3~VZ6�o�^�F��Eלԍ�/���#F�u��oݳM��b{���J��.6;�*݋~�5��u�w��G�����`M|��0�ͮ����y$��j�v�o��n����&�B�y�����ٽVk��M�����>/��~�iݺ^�x&Ĵ�B�V��i۹��+����U���Pw�,u��4(Q�I~�I�U����U�Tk�_��X�r�J׵j���� David Smock has directed the Institute’s Religion and Peacemaking program since its inception. After the implosion of the communist block, the escalation of nationalist violence was a surprise. The horrendous events of September 11, the conflagration in Iraq, and the aggressive assertiveness of quasi-theocratic Iran only confirm in the popular mind that religion lies behind much of contemporary international conflict. Where interreligious tensions are highest and do not necessarily reflect the views of the communist block, most... 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