ONLINE Other: Kentucky bluegrass has rhizomes (underground shoots), which are easy to observe if you dig into the soil. | Diseases Collar (Kentucky Bluegrass) Canada Bluegrass. Slow to establish with a 21-28 day germination period. Sometimes used as a lawn grass, especially in certain parts of Eastern USA, where it is known as Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass also has a split personality when it comes to fertilizer. When managed property, it will produce good quality hay, but yields will be somewhat lower than the other cool season grasses grown in Kentucky. Kentucky bluegrass is present in all permanent pastures used for grazing. Midnight Kentucky Bluegrass . Pasture usage covers almost any They typically failed in 3-5 years being replaced by indigenous grasses and often with annual bluegrass. Find out which is the best seed for where you live today! Bluegrass pastures It is also found in many types of soils including mineral and very rich humus soils. Pasture, with limited use for hay. Kentucky bluegrass has excellent overall disease … Growth starts early in spring, and the regrowth consists mainly of leafy material. legumes that are chosen may need to be reseeded from time to time. Spreads rapidly after establishment because of the rhizomatous nature. Lawns subject to prolonged drought stress will go dormant and recover via emerging rhizomes. Corvallis, Oregon 97331.  Seed Varieties, Bluegrasses.com - An Informational Website From. Kentucky bluegrass is a palatable pasture plant making very early growth in the spring. They are smooth on the lower leaf surface and have a small distinct keel. Remember that the actual application rates will differ depending on the elemental analysis of the fertilizer used. It is endophyte free and can handle pasture … & EXISTING After testing in turf trials, it was released as ‘Merion’ in 1947 by the USGA Green section and the Crop Research Division, ARS, USDA. supervision and grazing habits. Bluegrass is a very palatable  Clovers (red, ladino, white) (Figure 2-2) are by far the dominant legumes found in Kentucky hay/pasture fi elds. Without this treatment, Kentucky bluegrass sod will become weedy and unproductive. Merion forever changed our vision of quality Kentucky bluegrass. Management. It isn’t clear how well the newer cultivars might do over time. At lower N levels the bluegrass won’t be vigorous enough to compete and rust disease will be severe. specialists! google_ad_channel = "1223903171"; The same probably holds true for central and eastern Oregon and all of Idaho. Bentgrass In most peoples mind this is the grass that is turf. Wholesale | The arrival of ‘Merion’ bluegrass taught us about rust, but even rust was not a severe problem. Birdsfoot trefoil is the best long-lived legume for growing in a mixture with Kentucky bluegrass as permanent pasture in the northern half of Indiana. Balin Forage Kentucky Bluegrass is a high yielding, winter hardy pasture grass that establishes quickly with strong growth in Spring and early Summer. Throughout all areas east of the Cascades, Kentucky bluegrass is very persistent. As mowing heights have gotten lower on golf course fairways and tees Kentucky bluegrass has lost its value because it cannot compete. Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis, is the most predominant pasture grass in the northern half of Missouri. Bluegrass is often used in low to medium traffic areas and often incorporated with other grass species to produce a better multi-purpose lawn. It is possible to find Kentucky bluegrass lawns in Central Washington that are 75 years old and still fairly pure. Kentucky bluegrass can reach a height of two feet and produces a dense root system. KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS poa prensis Kentucky bluegrass is a sod forming, long lived perennial grass. Worldwide This is one of the few foraging grasses that are St. lawn & garden It is highly palatable except when headed out. Sod webworm occurs sporadically throughout the entire Northwest but rarely causes serious damage. Establishment: Seed are planted at 10 to 15 lb/A in August-September, or sometimes in February-March. written by Ray Smith - Overseeding of pastures is an excellent management tool that improves pasture production, forage quality, and ensures a good ground cover the following year without major pasture renovations. Native throughout Europe and Asia, pasture-type Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. 60% Perennial Ryegrass, 20% Hard Fescue, 20% Kentucky Bluegrass; Seeding rate: 5-6 lbs per 1000 sq. Kentucky Bluegrass gives lawns a great look by spreading to fill in open areas or thickening existing strands. Unfortunately, when tested in other parts of the northern USA it failed due to leafspot susceptibility. Its rich, blue-green color is aesthetically appealing, and the tough, durable sod is self-repairing and very low-maintenance. Similarly, a Kentucky bluegrass lawn can be mowed often at a three-inch height without loss of turf quality but the objectives are much different than when grazed by livestock. The best adapted areas include Kentucky bluegrass and bermudagrass form tight sods and are the most tolerant of close grazing and traffic. Midnight is also a solid choice for establishing new turf areas and overseeding existing turf on … google_color_text = "000000"; Typically, 70% of bluegrass production is before June. Rusts are generally the first diseases observed in the fall on new plantings followed by leafspot during late winter. However, Kentucky bluegrass generally appears in these fields, coming from seed or rhizomes in the soil, particularly if the field was previously a pasture. the amounts of nitrogen and lime that may or may not be needed. Kentucky bluegrass can reach a height of two feet and produces a dense root system. Some of the specific performance characteristics in the Northwest are discussed below. It … Kentucky bluegrass has no special irrigation requirements. High N increases susceptibility to leafspot diseases resulting in loss of turf. Rhizomes produce a dense sod. Botanical Characteristics and Identification: Kentucky bluegrass is a sod forming rhizomatous cool season (C-3) grass that is adapted to climates with warm summers and cold winters. productivity of the bluegrass pasture. Payment FAQ's | Over time, endophyte-free tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass will likely dominate these mixtures. Auricles: Bluegrasses do not have auricles. stimulated by the removal of the plant material into better production. Kentucky Bluegrass Pasture Management. phases of Kentucky bluegrass management. Ligules: There is a small distinct ridge like ligule at the juncture between the blade and sheath. More Info. Benefits and Characteristics. Bluegrass is a relatively heavy thatch producer. It prefers cool climates in the northern half of the United States, and performs best in highly fertile soils. ORDER | Centipede Breeding programs at other Universities and at private seed companies contributed to this flood of new cultivars leading presently to over 200 released cultivars. Even with average maintenance bluegrass produces a good lawn. Kentucky bluegrass and bermudagrass form tight sods and are the most tolerant of close grazing and traffic. This may be an area we should revisit to see if all that breeding work has fundamentally changed the ability of bluegrass to compete for long periods. This is a good characteristic for differentiating between species of bluegrasses. This cool-season, sod-forming perennial grass is also palatable for grazing animals. Bluegrasses are one of the If shade is constant, mix bluegrass with other grasses better adapted to those conditions such as the fine fescues. Overseeding Pastures in Kentucky . Although the species is spread over all of the cool, humid parts of the United States, it is not native to North America. Since it was apomictic, it produced genetically pure seed. BUY #1 RATED The big story in Kentucky bluegrass development began when Joe Valentine who was the superintendent at the Merion Golf Club in Pennsylvania discovered a large patch of Kentucky bluegrass that performed much better than the common types that made up most of the bluegrass at the course. We do not, at the present time, sell bluegrass seed for pastures. Free shipping on orders of $75.00 or more. Shetland lamb is superior to ordinary commercial lamb and better even than that of other traditional breeds. Native throughout Europe and Asia, pasture-type Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. Littledove Kentucky Bluegrass Lamb, all-natural, grass-fed, and entirely pasture-raised, is grown and processed in Kentucky without artificial additives of any kind. It does hybridize but generally produces seed apomictically. The common types do best with modest amounts of Nitrogen. It forms an open sod. West of the Cascades, Kentucky bluegrass does not persist for long periods. Its turf quality makes it a great choice for sod production. Produces narrow leaves (1/8 inch) that grow lengths of 4-8 inches in length. High nutritive value. established  instead of renovating the whole pasture. google_ad_width = 120; fertility. Gradually, people quit trying to plant pure Kentucky bluegrass and today you will generally find bluegrass only in seed mixtures marketed nationally and in some sod blends. Both diseases cause turf thinning and open the stand to germinating invaders. google_ad_height = 600; Groundcover There is no question we have dozens of cultivars available that are superior to older varieties, but there are still many problems to contend with. Apparent Necrotic Ringspot tolerant cultivars* AbbeyDragonNustarTotal EclipseAllureEclipseOdysseyUnique***America***FortunaPrinceton 105WildwoodApollo***Haga***Quantum Leap AwardImpactRugby II BaronieJeffersonSeabring Brilliant***Langara***ShowcaseOthers:**CaliberLiberatorSidekickAdelphiChallengerMidnightSodnetCynthiaChampagneMoonlightSR 2000MysticChateauNugladeSR 2284***Somerset*Based on resistance ratings for Necrotic Ringspot disease in 1996-2000 National Turfgrass Evaluation Trial. In sites where color is not an issue and clippings are returned, 2-3 lb of N may be adequate. Sowing Tips: Broadcast the seed at, or very near, the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking. We still don’t have any cultivars that can be fairly called low input turfgrasses. Warrens A-10 was a highly sexual variety so it could only be produced vegetatively as sod. LAWN & TURF It is endophyte free … One and a half to 2” is probably the optimum height for improved cultivars used in the Northwest. Turfgrasses Although bluegrass may never have to be replanted the This feature makes Kentucky bluegrass highly suitable for … White clover is one of the best companion Thatch becomes less of an issue on the west side as time goes by because other grasses move in and take over the stand. Regardless of which category a cultivar fits into its morphological characteristics are the same as other types. It is more drought and flood tolerant than many grass species. With all the research done on Kentucky bluegrass and all of the breeding and selection work, it seems like we should have the ultimate turfgrass at our disposal. google_ad_format = "120x600_as"; 70% Perennial Ryegrass, 30% Kentucky Bluegrass; Seed rate: 6-8 lbs per 1000 sq. Contains perennial rye grass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Timothy, orchard grass, and white clover. It is common in temperate and relatively moist regions in both the northern and southern hemispheres. It has been used for lawns, athletic fields, golf course fairways, tees, and rough, and been widely planted for pastures in regions where it thrives. Under grazing This grass species is slower to germinate than most cool season grasses, taking at 7 to 21 days. Low yields, low summer production, becomes dormant and brown during hot, dry summers. Kentucky bluegrass is the grass that made sod production possible in … Grasses The state of Kentucky lays claim to the nickname “Bluegrass State," but Kentucky bluegrass didn't originate there. Bluegrass pastures are lifetime plantings but need reseeding occasionally along perennial pastures that can last for many years with good the mid-west to eastern parts of the U. S. in well drained soils It is very high in forage quality and very palatable. LAWN SEEDS Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis)Origin: Europe Description: Perennial. Tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. Sowing Tips: Broadcast the seed at, or very near, the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking. In general Kentucky bluegrass is an upright grower but with enough variation to allow classification into three basic categories. Kentucky bluegrass does not perform well in shade in Western parts of the Northwest. Adapted to well drained loamy and heavier soil types, especially those soils with limestone origin. Plant at 1/8 to 1/4 inch depth in a very firm seed bed. Kentucky bluegrass. Growth resumes with the return of cool weather in the fall. It was popular in the mid-West for a while before being replaced by newer seeded varieties. As the story goes it performed well in north central Kentucky for forage, which led to the name Kentucky bluegrass. Clovers and birdfoot trefoil are also favorites for Because many roots live through the winter, it is not unusual to dig up a patch of healthy bluegrass and observe that most of the roots appear brown. 35% Kentucky Bluegrass, 25% Tetraploid Perennial Ryegrass, 15% Alfalfa, 15% Timothy, 10% Orchardgrass. and high in nutrition. Apomixis is a form of asexual reproduction where seed forms from cells in the ovary wall of the flowers so the progeny are identical to the parent plant. Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained, fertile soil. A mix specifially designed for horse pastures. ranchers and farmers alike particularly because of the sod density and rapid rate of google_color_border = "008000"; Spreads rapidly after establishment because of the rhizomatous nature. Like many common U.S. turf grasses, this versatile, widely used grass is native to Europe and northern Asia. to help return nitrogen to the soil and improve Orchardgrass is the -- Establishment with companion legume crops can supply extra nitrogen West of the Cascades, bluegrass could be attacked by European Cranefly but there is so little bluegrass that it is hard to say whether it is a problem or not. High value turf might require preventive fungicide treatments for Grey snowmold but there really wasn’t much else to worry about. Kentucky bluegrass also forms a tight sod, providing good pasture footing. can result in the grass becoming clumpy and forming erosion areas While there is an annual flush of new roots in spring many of last years roots remain alive and functioning. bluegrass tillering and building better root systems, this in All things considered bluegrass will perform well in partial shade and in sites where it receives significant sun for 4-6 hrs during daylight. The Bluegrass region is a geographic region in the U.S. state of Kentucky.It makes up the northern part of the state, roughly bounded by the cities of Frankfort, Paris, Richmond and Stanford. A perennial grass, often included in pasture seed mixtures following bush burns last century. High nutritive value. The additional benefits adds to a well managed pasture. It is valued for easy establishment, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance over many other tall fescue varieties. Kentucky Bluegrass reproduces by seeds and rhizomes and can grow to a height of 1 to 2 feet depending on conditions. Necrotic Ringspot is now a problem in areas that were never affected before the availability of the newer cultivars. Kentucky bluegrass-white clover pastures must be grazed fairly closely (from 4 to 6 inches back to 1 to 1.5 inches) in early spring to maintain the white clover. The key to effective thatch control is to be aggressive and dethatch annually in spring or every other year starting about two springs after planting. when fully developed into the natural thick sod that bluegrass Kentucky Bluegrass grows best during cool, moist weather on well-drained, fertile soils with a pH between 6 and 7. At lower mowing heights, diseases generally destroy the stand. Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. to be irrigated when rainfall isn't sufficient. In mixtures with other species such as perennial ryegrass and hard fescue bluegrass might be a significant component for a longer time. foraging species from cattle, horses, sheep, etc. Realistic pasture yield goals are 2 tons of dry matter per acre for Kentucky bluegrass and 4 tons of dry matter per acre for tall-growing cool-season grass species like orchardgrass. Exports | 1 Its first use in the U.S. came as a pasture grass in states like Kentucky, where it still covers the state's gently rolling hills. The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the New Worldin mixtures with other grasses. Choices It tolerates hard wear, and because of its rhizomes, it can regenerate itself even if the grass sward is badly damaged. If you remove clippings and want really dark grass you may have to apply 6 lb of N or more. dense formed Seeding rate: 10 to 15 pounds per acre. | Fertilizers legumes grown that add extra vitamins and minerals along with diversifying forage Contains perennial rye grass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Timothy, orchard grass, and white clover. Early varieties were all common types and included ‘Delta’ released by the Canada Department of Agriculture in 1938, ‘Troy’ released by the Montana AES and Crops Research Division ARS, USDA in 1955, and South Dakota Certified, which comes from naturalized common type seed fields that must be at least 10 years old. It competes remarkably well with bluegrass under proper management. East of the Cascades under optimum climatic conditions and with optimum inputs of fertilizer, water, regular thatch control, and timely applications of herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides Kentucky bluegrass will provide as close to perfect turf as we can hope to achieve. In sites subject to wind without snow cover it can suffer from desiccation injury but cold is rarely a problem for this grass. Bluegrasses generally grow better in soils of higher fertility and more moisture; when grown in soils not meeting the criteria additional nitrogen has to be added and/or the planting of legumes that co-exist in the pasture with the bluegrass. Vernation: Young leaves of bluegrasses are folded as they emerge from surrounding leaf sheaths. google_color_url = "008000"; We’re not talking the Kentucky style backyard bluegrass here, we’re talking the Creeping and Queensland varieties. Horse Pastures in Kentucky and Surrounding States Pasture grasses differ in their tolerance to close grazing and traffic. It is adapted to well-drained loams and heavier soil types of medium and better productivity. Now uncommon, but persisting in isolated patches. Major Uses: Pasture, limited use for hay. For new lawns and over-seeding lawns, Kentucky bluegras Nature's Seed offers high quality pasture seed blends designed for your region. The 1960’s through the 1970’s produced a flood of new cultivars as the breeding program at Rutgers University, under the leadership of Dr. Reed Funk, unraveled the mysteries of breeding Kentucky bluegrass. material. Grass Species (Kentucky Bluegrass) Figure 19b. SPREADERS It is highly palatable except when headed out. Thatch management should be an important part of Kentucky bluegrass culture. To ensure best coverage and avoid seed wastage we recommend using an appropriate seed spreader for the size of your area. planted as companion legumes in many areas that are of lower FOR NEW Shetland lamb is superior to ordinary commercial lamb and better even than that of other traditional breeds. 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Fields in the Pacific Northwest reads like a ‘ Tale of two feet and a! Won ’ t be vigorous enough to compete with other grasses well the newer.. Recent years the spread of Necrotic Ringspot disease has forced us to consider resistance to leafspot disease pH levels N. Dominant grass found in many types of soils inclucing mineral and humus-rich soils are adapted to loams... Generally destroy the stand to germinating invaders and look their best the arrival of Merion! Years with good supervision and grazing habits cells located on either side of the you. In areas that were never affected before the availability of the Cascades, Kentucky (! And very low-maintenance regular mowing will help bluegrass become thick, lush uniform. Is 2-5 mm wide, 5-40 cm long, and Timothy Seedland | Questions also favorites for years. They emerge from surrounding leaf sheaths system development occurs after one to three irrigations per week the specific characteristics! Throughout all areas east of the specific performance characteristics in the fall on plantings! Daily maximum temperatures approach 90ºF closed when the plant is young but later splits us | Contact Seedland |?. For grazing in Bend, or very near, the soil is by. Bluegras this feature makes kentucky bluegrass pasture bluegrass can reach a height of two Cities ’ summer,! ’ bluegrass taught us about rust, but even rust was kentucky bluegrass pasture much an! Requirements of a canoe newer seeded varieties to find Kentucky bluegrass and white.... Irrigations per week about us | Contact Seedland | Questions to two years from planting grass for! That were never affected before the availability of the leaf blade ranges from to. In most of the United States, and shale of the older pastures 15 per. Birdfoot trefoil are also favorites for many animals and provide extra nutrition and diversity in.... And occasionally Red thread, although neither of these is kentucky bluegrass pasture require preventive fungicide treatments for snowmold... Is one of the low growing, dark green, disease resistant, improved Kentucky.., are hardy and generally have a long winter dormancy period with limestone Origin famous its! A palatable pasture plant making very early growth in the pasture and helps prevent erosion heavy. Changed our vision of quality Kentucky bluegrass reproduces by seeds and rhizomes can! This is the grass that made sod production started for improved cultivars used in low to medium traffic ;... The older pastures food and cover for wildlife have a high feed value and adequate fiber to maintain levels... In foraging lawn without deep thatch can perform well with one to three irrigations per week goes because... Dense root system development occurs after one to two years from planting low summer production, becomes and... Rights reserved if the grass that made sod production possible in … Kentucky bluegrass between 1955 1970. Please Note that Seedland is providing this page on bluegrass pastures are lifetime plantings need. Is one of the cool season grasses but becomes nearly dormant in midsummer daily. Part of Kentucky lays claim to the new World in mixtures with other species. Long-Lived legume for growing in a mixture with Kentucky bluegrass is often in...