Leaves on juvenile growth (suckers, seedlings etc.) [15] In 2013 researchers at the Universidad Politėcnica de Madrid announced the discovery and cloning of trees in Spain with levels of resistance greater than 'Sapporo Autumn Gold'[16] (see Cultivation). However, further research eventually produced several trees highly resistant to disease which were released after 1989. [51] [17] The latter is a little-known tree found in Iran, in the Zagros forests and the Kerman / Kermanshah area. U. minor hybridises naturally with U. glabra, producing elms of the Ulmus × hollandica group, from which there have arisen a number of cultivars: The tree has featured strongly in artificial hybridization experiments in Europe and to a lesser extent in the United States. [20] More recently U. minor seed was imported to the UK from Italy. Golden wych elms are a smaller cultivar of the species Ulmus glabra. Unlike many other Elms, ‘Frontier’ blossoms in September and not in spring. [2] The samarae are oval or obovate, glabrous, 12–15 mm (15⁄32–19⁄32 in) long, notched at the top, with the seed close to the notch. insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Ulmus 1a > Leaf-miner and case-bearer: The larva lives outside the mine, protected by a case, and feeds on the underlying plant tissues via a hole cut in the epidermis. [19], In the UK, despite its late leaf-flush in the north and its suckering habits, continental U. minor was occasionally planted as an ornamental urban tree. Mature trees grow to 30m. However, field elm is genetically highly variable; Italian specimens when inoculated with the pathogen displayed between 15 and 100% dieback and between 70 and 100% wilting, whereas with trees tested in Spain, the variability ranged from 5 to 100% dieback, and 20 to 95% wilting. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. Noun 1. [6] The epithet 'red' elm was commonly used by British foresters, an allusion to the colour of the timber. Bora KS1, Kumar A2, Bisht G2. Augustine Henry wrote in 1913 that the U. minor planted in parks in Scotland were of French origin. italica, 'Mediterranean Elm' (1913), distinguished by its 14 to 18 pairs of leaf-veins,[48] was accepted, despite the wide source-area claimed for it ("Italy, Spain, Portugal and Algeria"), as U. carpinifolia var. [32][33][34], In France, a tree reputedly over 650 years old survived in the centre of Biscarrosse south of Bordeaux until the summer of 2010, when it finally succumbed to Dutch elm disease. IUCN: Ulmus minor (Data Deficient) International Plant Names Index. However, it’s still under threat, along with the wildlife that relies on it. It attains a height of approx. Look out for: the distinctly asymmetric leaf bases which all elms have. Ulmus minor. minor was used by R. H. Richens for field elms that were not English elm, Cornish elm, Lock elm or Guernsey elm.Many publications, however, continue to use plain Ulmus minor for Richens's Ulmus minor subsp. They have the characteristic asymmetrical base … The rough flakey bark, particularly in older specimens, is a characteristic feature. Before metal was widely available, many English towns had elm water mains, including Bristol, Reading, Exeter, Southampton, Hull and Liverpool. Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf. The earlier trees were raised in response to the initial Dutch elm disease pandemic that afflicted Europe after the First World War, and were to prove vulnerable to the much more virulent strain of the disease that arrived in the late 1960s. Golden wych elm leaves ), Termitts Farm near Hatfield Peverel, Essex (25 m high, 145 d.b.h. Acc. 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