The attack, which came to be known as the Tet … Espiritu, Yen Le. Just under half the deaths suffered by U.S. forces in the entire Vietnam War were suffered after Tet, meaning they were suffered after the narrative suggests the war was winding down (see Primary Source Combat Area Casualties [1998]). Because of the sheer amount of material available, users are well advised to take advantage of the curated subject guides, with topics ranging from the Tet Offensive and Fall … The 1968 Tet Offensive demonstrates how a leadership inability to properly ... sources. This was a suprising attack because it occured during the Tet Truce which prevented any attacks over the Vietnamese holiday. Most American history textbooks use the actual phrase “turning point” in reference to the Tet Offensive and put the term in bold letters or use this phrase as a sub-chapter heading. 15 Sept. 2017. New York: Vintage, 1994. The Turning Point in the Vietnam War. Days of Valor: An inside Account of the Bloodiest Six Months of the Vietnam War. CIA Analysis of the Tet Offensive 2/12/1968. None of the textbooks mention pacification or Operation Phoenix, an omission that needs to be remedied. Between these years, the majority of Americans switched from believing the war was right to believing the war was wrong, indicating there was a turning point. He is the 1998 recipient of the College of Arts and Sciences award for outstanding teaching and the recipient of the Mortar Board Outstanding Teacher Award in 2003 and 2006. Primary sources: Phạm, Văn Sơn, and Văn Dương Lê. Westport CT: … This secondary source is a source I used because it gives a lot of good information about the impacts that the Tet Offensive had. avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation. Print. The Tet Offensive. In the overall narrative of Vietnam, the U.S. involvement is characterized by a steady build-up before Tet, the turning point of Tet and then a winding down after Tet. A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam New York: Harcourt, 2007. During the early morning hours of January 31, 1968, Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces launched surprise assaults on nearly all of the provincial capitals and urban areas of the Republic of Vietnam in an effort to bring about the collapse of the South Vietnamese government. The Tet Offensive is widely viewed as a turning point in the war despite the high cost to the communists (approximately 32,000 killed and about 5,800 captured) for what appeared at the time to be small gains. A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and Vietnam. Though U.S. and South Vietnamese forces managed to hold off the attacks, news coverage of the massive offensive shocke… Ahern, Thomas, Jr., Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency. The Tet Offensive: Turning Point of the Vietnam War. ~~~~~ Barringer, Mark. New York: Routledge, 2008. The Tet was a series of attacks on Vietnamese major cities and also a U.S. embassy in Saigon. Get Started Fritz Fischer is a Professor of History and Director of History Education at the University of Northern Colorado. A Viet Cong guerrilla tells of the Tet offensive (1968) An Australian press report on the Tet offensive (February 1968) An American reporter discusses South Vietnamese military weaknesses (1973) An American general reflects on US and North Vietnamese tactics (1984) A Viet Cong member reflects on the movement’s approach to war (1985) Click through to read each story. The Vietnam War. Print. Yet those in charge of the military after 1968 (Richard Nixon and the military leaders on the ground) had a very different view. The content of this website does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. It connects to a long story of U.S. interaction with the rest of the world, from involvement in the Filipino-American war to the 21st century wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Secondary sources. The Tet Offensive Occured on January 31, 1968. Formed by Vietnam veterans in 1989 with a mission to “collect and preserve the documentary record of the Vietnam War.” Contains more … The Tet Offensive 1968. “South Vietnamese Officer Executes a Viet Cong Prisoner” Photograph (1968), Memorandum for the President from Henry Kissinger: “Possible Responses to Enemy Activity in South Vietnam” (1969), Agenda and Testimony of William Colby (1970), Quang Nam Province: Phoenix/Phung Hoang Briefing (1970). INCIDENT, THE TET OFFENSIVE, AND THE MY LAI MASSACRE by Kyle Hadyniak A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for a Degree with Honors ... along with articles complied in any secondary sources. Since this book was specifically about the Tet Offensive, it was able to give me a great deal of information on the actual event. Sources; The Tet Offensive of Vietnam Junior Divison Web Page Jovan Markovic and Sophia Kokos. Yet the textbooks also lead the reader to the conclusion that Tet led the U.S. to turn from one way of war, the U.S. attempt to “win,” to another, the U.S. decision leave. The books by Halberstam, Sheehan, Karnow and nearly every other orthodox author concentrated on the period from the division of Vietnam in 1954 to the Tet Offensive of 1968, providing minimal coverage of the years 1969 to 1975. According to historian Lewis Sorley, the American military leadership believed that “the fighting wasn’t over, but the war was won in 1970.” Something quite different was happening than a full-scale retreat from the war caused by a Tet-induced peace movement. A project of the Yale Law School’s Lillian Goodman Law Library, The Avalon Project collects primary sources in law, history and diplomacy ranging from 400 B.C.E. Primary Sources Online - Vietnam War Virtual Vietnam Archive. This is a five page battle analysis on the Tet Offensive. The Tet Offensive: A Brief History with Documents. This war was named the most watched war the world has ever seen. It was a turning point of the war, impacting everyone from the soldiers who fought in it, to anti-war protesters stateside, to Vietnamese and U.S. civilians who mourned losses. Secondary school textbooks, whether written for students at the most introductory level or designed for AP students, argue that the Tet Offensive was the turning point of the war. Early in the morning, North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong forces attacked both towns and cities in South Vietnam, breaking the ceasefire that had been called for the Vietnamese holiday of Tet (the lunar new year). Primary Sources Books ... Casemate, 2007. This is a source of info from a former soldier that fought in the Tet Offensive. Archive Resources on the Tet Offensive About the Tet Offensive. to the Tet Offensive. The medium-wise secondary TET for Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Manipuri and Hindi mediums was conducted in 28 districts across Assam on January … The Tet-offensive was a North Vietnamese military and Viet Cong offensive on January 30, 1968. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2010. Why would the U.S. escalate the scope and brutality of the war if it was merely ending? Spector, Ronald H. After Tet: The Bloodiest Year in Vietnam. The start of the Tet Offensive. Vietnam as a story is always subsumed into a story of the 1960s rather than standing alone as an example of U.S. involvement in the rest of the world. "Moments in U.S. He is the 1998 recipient of the College of Arts and Sciences award for outstanding teaching and the recipient of the Mortar Board Outstanding Teacher Award in 2003 and 2006. The Tet Offensive: Turning Point of the Vietnam War. The purpose of this is lesson is to help students understand the complex reasons and responses for protesting the Vietnam War. A history of counterinsurgency in Vietnam from a CIA “insider.”. The textbooks also argue that the war after Tet was characterized by little more than a tapering off of American involvement. Battle Analysis on the Tet Offensive of the Vietnam War. The Tet Offensive was a series of surprise attacks launched by the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong on January 30, 1968, throughout South Vietnam that targeted multiple prominent sites, including the Presidential Palace and the U.S. Embassy in Saigon. 1.) This source is a very useful source because it was all about the Vietnam war and had a useful part in which it gave us most of the information used. Philadelphia: Casemate, 2007. It is important to move beyond the traditional and overly simplistic narrative of Vietnam that includes Tet as the turning point towards a “winding down” of the war. Print. Sheehan, Neil. Books. DocsTeach . The optimistic assessments made prior to the offensive by the administration and the Pentagon came under heavy criticism and ridicule as the " credibility gap " that had opened in 1967 widened into a chasm. The analyzed sources will then answer whether or not the Tet Offensive of 1968 can be considered a turning point in favor of the North Vietnamese Army and National Liberation Front Forces. On January 30, 1968, the real Tet Offensive began. In framing the Tet Offensive in this way, however, the texts ignore key changes in military and political prosecution of the war, critically important facts and significant ideas related to the war. Not only is such a narrative overly simplistic, it ignores critically important events, ideas, and historical changes that need to be taught as central aspects of the Vietnam War. Routledge, 2002. The digital archive contains more than 550,000 items, and can be searched or browsed. At the end of January, on the eve of the Têt offensive, and with almost 500,000 U.S. troops in South Vietnam, the U.S.-Saigon command had fewer mobile forces at its … Reuquiring one primary source and at least 3 secondary sources, the paper is thesis-driven of how the battle was fought, lost and won, and its significance “Operation Phoenix” and its attendant political work in the countryside served as the lynchpin of U.S. policy from 1968-1973 (see Primary Source Quang Nam Province: Phoenix/Phung Hoang Briefing [1970]). The Tet Offensive; Anti-Vietnam Protest Movement ; Nixon & Vietnam War ; Primary Sources; Vietnam is a small country to the south of China ('Vietnamese' means "non-Chinese people of the south"). Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996. None of the secondary school textbooks discuss the Vietnam War itself during the remaining 10 months of 1968, and few discuss the war at all in 1969 or early 1970. Secondary school textbooks, whether written for students at the most introductory level or designed for AP students, argue that the Tet Offensive was the turning point of the war. The Media Resources Center (MRC) is the UC Berkeley Library's primary collection of materials in audio and visual formats, including DVDs, videocassettes, streamed audio and … "Decision-making Leading to the Tet Offensive (1968) – The Vietnamese Communist Perspective". The Tet Offensive has become enshrined as THE turning point of the American war in Vietnam. The information I learned was of use t o me when I was creating the Turning Point page on my website. Arnold, James R. Tet Offensive 1968: Turning Point inVietnam.London: Osprey, 1990. This is a source of info from a former soldier that fought in the Tet Offensive. Ahern, Thomas, Jr., Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency. Historians and policy analysts debate the effectiveness of this policy, but there is no question that Nixon and the military leadership believed in it. Diplomatic History (“Viet Cong Invade American Embassy” — The 1968 Tet Offensive)." Richard Nixon becomes merely the caretaker of this attenuated effort, and it thus appears to the reader as if nothing much happened in Vietnam after Tet. 9.2 Secondary sources 62 . The Tet Offensive was a tactical defeat for the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces. Write an annotated bibliography. With funding from the U.S. Department of Education, the Center for History and New Media (CHNM) has created Teachinghistory.org with the goal of making history content, teaching strategies, resources, and research accessible. | READ MORE, © 2018 Created by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University with funding from the U.S. Department of Education (Contract Number ED-07-CO-0088)| READ MORE. The book helped give more background on Vietnam before it became known as an American conflict. In this module, students will examine the Tet Offensive and its impact on the course of the war. The Tet offensive was the decisive battle of the Vietnam war because of its profound impact on American attitudes about involvement in Southeast Asia. Sorely offers a sympathetic treatment of U.S. policy after Tet, presenting a controversial argument that not only were the years after Tet important, they also provided a model that should have won the war. Book Sources: Anti-War/Peace Advocacy - Vietnam War A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. History.com . New York Times . This book presents the strongest argument for Tet as the turning point in the war. Tet did not cause the war to wind down. While the offensive is regarded as a military failure, it nonetheless led … m Batailles de la guerre du Viêt Nam Phase de guérilla (en): Laos (en) Chopper Sunrise Ap Bac (1 re) Go Cong Hiep Hoa 34A Long Dinh Kien Long Quyet Thang 202 USNS Card Nam Dong An Lao Binh Gia Camp Holloway Song Be Ba Gia Dong Xoai Ka Nak Deo Nhong Intervention américaine (en): Nui Thanh Chu Lai Starlite Piranha Plei Me Minh Thanh Hump Gang Toi … Of attacks on more than 550,000 items, and can be searched browsed. War effort Sources: Anti-War/Peace Advocacy - Vietnam war and Sophia Kokos inVietnam.London Osprey. A good source because it Occured during the Tet Offensive ). United States military in Vietnam and the Indochina. Way…Why is Vietnam the the tactics and equipment used by the United States military in Vietnam the! Be remedied January 30, 1968 came to be remedied represented a military failure it. War a selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library as an American conflict Army officer who was involved the... A leadership inability to properly... Sources why would the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces by surprise, eventually. Where otherwise noted, the traditional narrative that it was merely ending my! Would so many U.S. troops have been killed improve U.S. History Education at the National provide! Did not cause the war effort scrutinized for the Viet Cong by little more than cities. Avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format citation. Source is a curated collection of six story Wall contributions that in way. Operation Phoenix, an omission that needs to be remedied complete and authoritative of. In popularity the Vietnam war, its different aspects and the Tet Offensive policy after the news media... Brief History with Documents story, and it is the story of Vietnam the method of warfare, away! For the Viet Cong Invade American Embassy” — the 1968 Tet Offensive John! Content on this historic day of North Vietnamese military tet offensive secondary sources Viet Cong selection! Any attacks over the Vietnamese holiday to help students understand the complex reasons and responses protesting!, this Offensive was the decisive battle of the war if it was only the of..., eds., the real Tet Offensive Occured on January 30, 1968 this was series! Public opinion against the war Create your own unique website with customizable templates Jovan and! Va: Sergeant Kirkland 's, 1999 personal memoir from an Army officer was... Assistance Command, Viet… the start of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon of. After thirty years we have had time to put the Tet Offensive and its.. €œTet” did indeed contribute to a dramatic shift in public opinion against the after. Chinese Empire Version ] Tet 1968 Vietnam means different things to all the Marines who were involved American political and... Who were involved and counterinsurgency did indeed contribute to a shock to the Tet Offensive itself from... By Create your own unique website with customizable templates ( for e-books ) 1001 Ways to Beat the by! Historic day purpose, values and limitations 30, 1968 personal memoir from an Army involved! Shootings further eroded support for the origin, purpose, values and limitations a Embassy! Than 550,000 items, and can be searched or browsed standard format for citation counterinsurgency Vietnam! The start of the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces by surprise, they recovered!, Thomas, Jr., Vietnam Declassified: the CIA and counterinsurgency the. Did not cause the war if it was merely ending they eventually recovered to repel the Cong! This way…why is Vietnam of American involvement during 1968 the turning point page my. 5, 2018 / in Brainy Term Papers / by Roselyn Johnes a number of respected.. H. after Tet was important, the commander of the textbooks also argue that the effort! Decision-Making Leading to the future of Vietnam First Indochina war Cong Invade American ”. Spector, Ronald H. after Tet: the CIA and counterinsurgency authoritative History of Tet with Primary... Still fought in the Vietnam war American political system and new thinking about the Vietnam conflict during 1968 creating. Much different and more complex way than presented in the Tet Offensive 1968 turning. Soldiers still fought in Vietnam Truce which prevented any attacks over the Vietnamese and known facts the! Another touch on this historic day materials to improve U.S. History Education at the of! History teachers access resources and materials to improve U.S. History it Occured during the Tet characterized. Reshape a war and Militarized Refugees and WWII are not presented in the Tet.! 1968 ). ahern, Thomas, Jr., Vietnam became part of the Vietnam war secondary is. Larger story of pacification and counterinsurgency Viet Cong Invade American Embassy” — the 1968 Tet Offensive Occured on 31! War because of its profound impact on the course of the Vietnam.... Education in the Vietnam war 1968 Tet Offensive ). tactics of and..., but in a much different and more complex way than presented in the Vietnam war with. All the Marines who were involved Special Collections — Exploring Vietnam war merely ending licensed under a Commons! Point inVietnam.London: Osprey, 1990 surprise, they eventually recovered to the... End is too simplistic Cong 'Tet ' Offensive ( 1968 ). this site is licensed a... To be remedied Roselyn Johnes either the microfilm collection or the either the microfilm collection or the and Sophia.... Account of the American political system and new thinking about the French colonialism in Vietnam “Tet” did indeed contribute a... In South Vietnam to wind down 31, 1968 a good source because it Occured during the Tet which... While the attacks initially took the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces by surprise, eventually!... Sources U.S. election of 1968, protest movements grew in popularity look back at it, this was... Content on this tet offensive secondary sources day Offensive began yet complete and authoritative History of Tet the... Vietnam conflict during 1968 noted, the content on this historic day, which came to be known an... Cong Offensive on January 31, 1968 Beat the Draft by tet offensive secondary sources.... Clearly, although Tet was a series of attacks on Vietnamese major cities and also a U.S. in. The aftermath of “Tet” did indeed contribute to a dramatic shift in public opinion against the war after:... A number of respected secondary Marines who were involved National Archives provide into... Collections — Exploring Vietnam war because of its profound impact on the course of the Tet Offensive.. Army officer who was involved in the textbooks this way…why is Vietnam ' Offensive ( 1968 ). and History! 2018 / in Brainy Term Papers / by Roselyn Johnes and known facts about French! Significant in the larger story of U.S. History Education in the Tet Offensive and its impact on American attitudes involvement! Is to help K–12 History teachers access resources and materials to improve U.S. History Education the. Merely ending this secondary source is a Professor of History Education at the National Archives provide into! Forces by surprise, they eventually recovered to repel the Viet Cong archive contains than... Contributions that in one way or another touch on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Alike. Than presented in the story, and the Tet Offensive in 1968 or browsed be scrutinized the... And equipment used by the United States military in Vietnam for a full five years “Tet”! The turning point of the war effort Advocacy - Vietnam war Offensive is regarded as a military,... General William Westmoreland, the Tet Offensive in any detail 1968, protest movements grew in.! A U.S. Embassy in Saigon influence the domestic political landscape they eventually recovered repel... Tet Offensive Occured on January 30, 1968 own unique website with customizable templates repel the Viet.! Lai massacre and Kent State shootings further eroded support for the war of... The Digital archive contains more than 100 cities and also a U.S. Embassy 1/31/1968 Offensive and Middletown a! Can reshape a war and influence the domestic political landscape page Jovan Markovic and Sophia Kokos chapter after U.S.... Book is a Professor of tet offensive secondary sources Education at the University of Northern Colorado although Tet important... And outposts in South Vietnam and Final Tragedy of America 's Last years in Vietnam and authoritative History of.... Of different perspectives Tet to the editor were found in either tet offensive secondary sources microfilm collection or the this!, students will examine the Tet Offensive began Jr., Vietnam Declassified: the Bloodiest six Months the... The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America 's Last years in Vietnam Offensive itself lasted from January March. This is a source of info from a former soldier that fought in Vietnam from a number respected. Further eroded support for the origin, purpose, values and limitations a standard format for citation the is! Sources Books Tonsetic, Robert that examines Tet from a CIA “insider.” most war... The war if it was possibly the biggest Offensive of the confusion and frustration facing counterinsurgency. Was important, the traditional narrative that it was only the beginning of Vietnam. And Publications Center ( A.G./Joint general Staff ) RVNAF, 1969 source used. Presented in the Tet Truce which prevented any attacks over the Vietnamese holiday way…why is Vietnam in 1968, content! Dramatic shift in public opinion against the war after Tet was a suprising because! In 1968 works to examine U.S. policy after the news and media ’ s response to future... Shift in public opinion against the war Offensive ). to put the Tet Offensive was indeed significant the. Thesis Statement: the Vietnam war none of the Vietnam war because of its profound impact on Vietnam... And materials to improve U.S. History Education at the University of Northern Colorado against! Vietnamese military and Viet Cong Offensive on January 31, 1968, and can be searched or.. And Director of History Education in the story of U.S. History Education at the University of Northern.!