[3] They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 47 feet (14.3 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). Sold for breaking up 2 July 1929 to Alloa Ship Breaking Company. Overall they were enlarged and improved versions of the Bristol class with a uniform 6-inch gun armament that were mounted in more weather resistant positions. [3] Four Vickers 3-pounder (47 mm) saluting guns were fitted, while two submerged 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes were fitted, with seven torpedoes carried. Their secondary armament consisted of four 3 pounder guns. They had a rather low freeboard which was rectified in the subsequent Weymouth-class. The deck armour of the earlier ships had been proved ineffective in tests on the earlier Bristol class, and so on the Chatham class it was reduced in thickness and a belt of 2in armour provided at the waterline, a much better use of the weight. Ten BL 5.5 inch (140 mm) Mk I (50 calibre) guns She was broken up in 1949. Add a screenshot. All of t… Their secondary armament was more potent, with ten 4 inch (102 mm) guns in single mountings. [2] They were second class cruisers suitable for a variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire. When the admiralty went back to 10,000 tons cruisers of the “Town” class from 1936, the fad then was to display more guns of smaller caliber (6 inches) instead. The first ship, later to become Birkenhead, had the same mixed oil-and coal-fired boilers, with the machinery rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) with a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph), but the second ship (later Chester) had all oil-fired boilers, which boosted power to 31,000 shaft horsepower (23,000 kW) and speed to 26.5 knots (49.1 km/h; 30.5 mph). Edinburgh, like preceding cruisers, was designed to have armor capable of protecting the ship against 152mm caliber gunfire. Broken up in Germany. A Class Destroyers. Sold for breaking up 8 December 1928 to Alloa, Rosyth. [18] Adelaide was completed with these modifications, and received a major refit in the 1930s, with coal-fired boilers being removed along with a funnel, reducing the ship's speed, while one 6-inch was removed, with 4-inch anti-aircraft guns added. 1 Year Risk Free Warranty. [8], After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks, but this offer was not taken up. Their AA armament was exactly the same as the previous sub-classes. The remainder of the armament was unchanged (i.e. The 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) anti-aircraft guns were unavailable, however, and Vickers 3-pounder guns were fitted in their place. They also mounted the more powerful 21 inch torpedoes. Displacement was 5,400 long tons (5,500 t) normal and 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) full load. The Bristol class[a] were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. They were built to the limitations that the Second London Naval Treaty imposed on cruisers, which lowered the Washington limit of 10,000 tons to 8,000 tons, and were at least in external appearance smaller derivatives of the Town-class cruiser. Check out my Modern and WW2 Armour section too! Why you'll love it In 1917, a Sopwith Pup from HMS Yarmouth became the first aircraft from a cruiser to shoot down an aircraft, specifically the Zeppelin L23. [3][7] They had two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI naval guns mounted on the ships' centreline fore and aft, with ten BL 4-inch Mk VII guns in waist mountings. The last group of cruisers to be built in time to commission before the war were 8 Southampton class ships, of which the first two, originally named Minotaur and Polyphemus, were included within the 91,000-ton restriction imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. [26][27], The new cruisers were 446 feet (135.9 m) long overall, with a beam of 50 feet (15.2 m) and a draught of 16 feet (4.9 m). Sold for breaking up to Australian Iron and Steel Co., This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 04:40. four QF 3 pounder guns After the end of World War I, the surviving ships performed a variety of duties, including service on foreign stations. [14][10], The class saw a number of alterations during the war, including the addition of a single 3 in (76 mm) AA gun in 1915, while the surviving ships were fitted with director control equipment for the ships' guns on a new tripod foremast. This arrangement was unpopular, however, as it was preferred to keep officer's and other ranks accommodation separate for disciplinary reasons, while the Bristol class were very cramped, with only 12.5 square feet (1.16 m2) for each seaman to live eat and sleep. Dresden was eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement. The remaining waist guns were protected by a bulwark to make them more weather resistant. [18] The ships' machinery[d] was rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) giving a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph). [19], In 1912, work began on a new cruiser for trade protection duties in response to rumours of large German cruisers that were thought to being built for commerce raiding. The similar Adelaide was built for the Royal Australian Navy. This belt was part of the load bearing structure of the ship, reducing the overall weight of structure required. The guns fired an 82-pound (37 kg) shell to a range of 13,100 yards (12,000 m). Their AA armament was further increased during the First World War, with the addition of four 3 in guns. In 1915, a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was added. Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915. They were second class cruisers and designed for a variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties. [27] Machinery was also as in the Chathams. Their main armament was ten 5.5 in (140 mm) guns, a first for an RN class. The class did not have an aircraft fitted during the war. The Town class of 1910 were rated as second-class protected cruisers, but were effectively light armoured cruisers with mixed coal and oil firing. Transferred to the New Zealand Navy 11 September 1920, but returned to Royal Navy 1924. The secondary armament consists of a small amount of the best dual-purpose guns currently fitted to a ship, the 3 inch/70 Mark 6cannon. The Arethusa class of … The British requisition of the order took place sometime after 18 January 1915, when the first ship. [3], The Weymouth class[b] were ordered under the 1909–1910 Programme and commissioned between 1911 and 1912. York Class Cruisers. As was common at the time the guns only had shields to protect them from splinters and so were spaced well apart to reduce the chance of a single hit knocking out several at once. These ships, initially rated as second class cruisers, were built to a series of designs, known as the Bristol (five ships), Weymouth (four ships), Chatham (three RN ships, plus three RAN ships), Birmingham (three ships, plus one similar RAN ship) and Birkenhead (two ships) classes – all having the names of British towns except for the RAN ships, which were named after Australian cities. She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. [8][9], It was originally intended that the Bristol class would be fitted with a main gun armament of unshielded 4-inch (102 mm) guns, but the need to counter German light cruisers (such as the Königsberg class), which were armed with ten 105-millimetre (4.1 in) guns that outranged British 4-inch guns, resulted in the new class's armament being revised. She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. In the second part, tell the reader about using this ship in the game. British naval ship classes of the First World War, Further developments: Atlantic cruisers and, Sources differ as to the layout of the machinery. This, however, resulted in the ships rolling badly, making them poor gun platforms. Marlin 4's greatest gift is its versatility. 40. [5] The ships' forecastle was again extended aft, reaching two-thirds of the length of the ship, and allowing two more guns to be raised up onto the forecastle, while the ships' metacentric height was reduced, making the ships better gun platforms. They were also the first cruisers to be fitted with an aircraft, the Sopwith Pup, though the aircraft could only launch from the ship and not land on it and the pilot would have to ditch into the sea if it was not possible to reach land. Eight to nine BL 6- inch (Mk XI (50 calibre) guns or Mk XII (45 calibre) guns [8][18], The ships were 457 feet (139.3 m) long overall (Adelaide was 462 feet 9 inches (141.05 m) long), with a beam of 50 feet (15.2 m) and a draught of 16 feet (4.9 m). Bristol subclass : A series of designs were drawn up for what became known as the "Atlantic cruiser", featuring various combinations of 7.5-inch (190 mm) and 6-inch guns, mixed oil- and coal-fired boilers and speeds of between 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) and 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. The Chathams differed from the two previous sub-classes only slightly. Torpedo armament was increased, with two 21-inch (533 mm) submerged tubes (with seven torpedoes carried), while the ships' armament was completed by four 3-pounder saluting guns. Also that year, Birmingham became the first ship to sink a submarine when she rammed U-15. After the end of the First World War, the surviving ships performed a variety of duties, including service on foreign stations. After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks but this offer was not taken up. [16], The Chatham class were 458 feet (139.6 m) long overall, with a beam of 49 feet (14.9 m) and a draught of 16 feet (4.9 m). During the course of the war, two ships of the class were sunk: these were HMS Falmouth and HMS Nottingham, both torpedoed by German submarines. The conversion was carried out shortly after her half-sister HMS Sheffield received an even more in-depth upgrade, emerging in late 1965 as flagship of the Second Cruiser Squadron. Machinery was similar to the Bristol class, with again a single example (Yarmouth) having the Brown-Curtis turbines and two-shaft arrangement used in Bristol, while the remaining three ships had the four-shaft, Yarrow turbine machinery. 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